electric cars

What Are The Different Types Of Electric Cars in 2021


Are you struggling to buy an electric car? But you are confused as electric cars have various types and you don’t know which is best for you, this article will define all different types of electric cars, give it a read.

There are broadly three main types of electric vehicles (EVs), they are classified based on the extent of electricity they consume, but before discussing the types of electric cars let us first know about the electric car.

What is an Electric Car?

Electric cars are either partially or fully on electric power and they don’t require internal combustion engines to run, EVs come with rechargeable batteries and electric motors.

electric car charging point

They are eco-friendly cars as they do not produce any loud noise and harmful gas emissions because they do not operate on gasoline.

Types of Electric Vehicles

As mentioned earlier, electric vehicles are categorized mainly into three types, let’s discuss them in detail, they are:

  • Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)
  • Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
  • Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)
What are Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)?

Battery electric vehicles are fully electric vehicles, they use rechargeable batteries as the only source of power, instead of combustion engines they use motor controllers to operate.

They include large battery packs that are charged by electricity power, the design of BEVs is quite flexible because they do not include constraints like fuel cars, therefore their weight is also flexible than traditional fuel cars.

nissan leaf anatomy

However, when you drive BVs you will see there is no fuzz in driving them they are as straight to drive as fuel-based cars, most of these cars are automatic which means you don’t have to change gears frequently while driving.

BEVs include a regenerative brake system, it will slow the car whenever you lift off the throttle, however, a traditional braking system is also available in these cars.

Talking about the range factor of battery electric vehicles normally range from 100 to 300 miles but it is totally up to the model and car size.

Battery electric vehicles are one of the three types of electric cars, let’s jump towards other types.

What are Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)?

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles are full-ride that contain both the power battery and a fuel system to operate, plug-in hybrid cars are also known as gas-electric cars.

This system of powering the engine has a major benefit, understand it like if you run out of battery power the fuel will keep the engine going.

The plug-in here in hybrid electric cars means that you need to find a suitable charging point to replenish the battery.

plug in hybrid phev

However, some plug-in hybrid cars have better acceleration performance along with better fuel economy, but they might require gas tanks for their large batteries to recharge and as a result, they cover less range.

The range is always a promising factor before deciding to buy an electric car, but don’t worry we got this covered for you, the batteries used in PHEVs are smaller therefore, they affect the range it covered also. 

Normally these vehicles cover the travel range in between 10-15 miles, but again the travel range is up to the car model and size, and when the battery is timed out, the car is taken up by the fuel, it will then operate as long as the fuel is available.

Below is the list of some best PHEVs

  • Skoda Superb iV
  • Volkswagen Passat GTE Estate
  • BMW 330e
  • Volvo XC90 Recharge T8
  • BMW X5 xDrive45e
Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Hybrid electric cars are also known as Self-driving cars, they are one of the three types of electric cars, they operate on batteries and combustion engines, but they do not include any plug-in terms.

However, it is not mandatory to charge these batteries via an external battery supply, normally, the battery they consume is up to 15-20 mph, and once the battery is fully consumed the combustion engine takes over.

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Hybrid car models are becoming more popular due to their manufacturing standard, engine range, and other benefits, here are some of the best hybrid cars available in 2021. 

  • Toyota Avalon Hybrid 2021
  • Hyundai Elantra Hybrid 2022
  • Chevrolet Bolt 2021
  • Kia Optima Hybrid 2020
  • Toyota Prius 2022
  • Toyota Prius Prime 2022

Kids often go to playlands for swings and rides, there they see electric bumper cars and are all before their parents to get them one, right?

We got you covered in this case as well, do you wanna know the best electric cars for kids age 10 and up?

This section of the article will help you find some best electric cars which you can gift to your children age 10 and above, they are:

  • Ride-on Jeep: It comes with a 12V durable battery, best for indoor use, and it comes with three-speed levels.
  • Mercedes Benz GT: This electric car comes with the best manufacture quality, gives a luxury feel, build for both indoor and outdoor use, it operates at a max speed of 3.72 mph.
  • Toyota Tundra: This pickup truck comes with a long and durable 12V battery, it has LED lights with a built-in MP3 player, to ensure the safety of your kid the manufacturers also introduced a lockable doors system.
  • Lamborghini Aventador: This car is best for driving on the streets, it is all luxury covers the max speed of 3.7 miles per hour, and it has a weight limit of 66 pounds.
  • DAKOTT Lamborghini Centenario: This car weighs 50 pounds, it has an electric pedal controlled, with 3 speeds of 1.5, 2.10, and 2.6 miles per hour.


If you are juggling buying an electric car for you and your kid, this article covered all three main types of electric cars for you.

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs), and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) are the three types of electric cars, hope this article will help you find the best electric cars for your kids as well.

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